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Visit the Help Center.IDOC is simply a data container used to exchange information between any two processes that can understand the syntax and semantics of the data. In other words, an IDOC is like a data file with a specified format which is exchanged between 2 systems which know how to interpret that data. Every IDOC has a unique number within a client. In a case of any conflict in data size, it adopts one with greater length.
IDOCs are independent of the direction of data exchange e. Data is stored in character format instead of binary format. Structure of an IDOC The I doc structure consists of 3 parts - The administration part Control Record - which has the type of idoc, message type, the current status, the sender, receiver etc. This is referred to as the Control record. The application data Data Record - Which contains the data.
The Status information Status Record - These give you information about the various stages the idoc has passed through. Direction '1' indicates outbound, '2' indicates inbound.
SAP Material Master Data Idoc MATMAS (Structure, BAPI and Enhancement)
It contains data like the idoc number, name and number of the segment in the idoc, the hierarchy and the data The actual data is stored as a string in a field called SDATA, which is a char long field. Segments are reusable components. For each segment SAP creates Segment Type version independent Segment Definition version dependent Segment Documentation The last 3 characters is the version of the segment Definitions keep changing as per the version but the segment type remains the same.
In case you want to add more data to these restricted basic type you may use an extension type. Most of the times you will NOT use extension. Orders, orders responses, invoices etc An idoc type can be associated with many message types Also, a message type can be associated with different idoc types.
Partner Profiles A partner is defined as a business partner with whom you conduct business and exchange documents In the partner profile of a partner that we exchange Idocs with, we maintain the parameters that are necessary for exchanging the data.
The transaction used is WE Port The port defines the technical characteristics of the connection between your SAP system and the other system you want to transfer data with subsystem. The port defines the medium in which data is exchanged between the 2 systems. There are different types of ports. When using file port you can specify the directory where the IDOC file should be placed.Step 3 : In transaction WE20create a partner profile and mention the message tpe details.
Whereas in Inbound IDOC,mention the process code details which determines the inbound function module for processing the data.
Configuration Steps in IDOC
Choose a particular message type and maintain the below settings. Under the receiver port mention the port created in transaction WE Step 8 : In our example let us work upon Business Partners. Select the FM name and the Business Object type and click enter. By default all standard messages types would be displayed out. Now to create a new message typeclick on Create button as shown below. You will get a popu where in you can enter a Z name.
Enter a description and Technical name. Step 19 : Add the message type under the Distribution Model and maintain the sender and receiver system details. Step 20 : In transaction BD82generate the partner profile for the newly created distribution model. Site is the destination where the data needs to be sent. Subsricption is to identify what is the object to be exchanged. Subscriptions are assigned under Sites. Type would vary based on our need. A times there could be multiple sites in a systemwe can control the flow of IDOC here as well.
We can do the same for other IDOC types. Data record display the data under multiple segments. Ruby Chacko. Posted on July 5, 6 minute read. Follow RSS feed Like. IDOCs can be classified into two.
IDoc Basics For Functional Consultants
Step 9 : Once the Z message type is created. Release it as shown.Basic type present as type of business transaction, there are two types of basic type Master data and Transaction basic types. Master data basic type contain information of master data object, example Material master, Vendor master, Supplier master, Sales price, etc…. As you see in picture below, master data basic type show as yellow box, transaction basic type show as blue box.
In SAP, one business object can be presented by many message, but why like that?. SAP was designed for multi industrial, depend on business perspective one business object can be different meaning and information. The specific message type for each industry will help SAP send and receive data to partners system fully and consistency. Message type is abstract of basic type. SAP updated business process according business requirements, object information in IDoc also updated but still support old IDoc data structure and information.
First part is IDoc message generalwhere contain information about IDoc technical description. Second part, present data of IDoc messagesegment is group of properties of business object have the similar characters or similar behavior.
Third part, IDoc statusIDoc steps processing logs will be stored. Functional and Technical consultant can see detail logs to identify issue.
What is RFC?
In outbound partner profile detail, we need to point to message type, basic type and extension IDoc if any. There are two mode of output IDoc, send immediately each time user perform send message of collect IDocs in queue and will as schedule. Like Like. I need to to thank you for your time for this wonderful read!! I definitely savored every part of it and I have you book marked to see new information on your web site.
You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account.Though lot of documentation is available on IDocs it is difficult for a functional consultant to understand such documents due to their technical nature.
IDoc is an SAP object that carries data of a business transaction from one system to another in the form of electronic message. IDoc is an acronym for I ntermediate Doc ument. ANSI X12 describes business document as transactions and each transaction is represented by three digit number e. Each basic type describes standard IDoc segments, format of data fields and their size.
Basic Type also defines number of segments and fields in an IDoc. All the fields that are necessary for transmission of message for a particular business transaction are mapped in different segments. It also defines the structure and relationship of IDoc segments along with mandatory and optional segments. Basic type contains all the standard fields that are necessary for carrying out a business transaction. However, if any additional values are to be sent to the partner then we can make use of the IDoc Extension feature.
IDoc extension is extension of basic type and contains additional custom IDoc segments and fields that are not available in standard basic type.
IDoc segments contain the actual data that is sent to or received from a partner. These segments contain the actual values that are sent as part of IDoc transmission. IDoc segment is termed as Parent segment if it contains its own segments. The dependent segments are called as child segments. IDocs sent outside the system are termed as Outbound IDocs and the ones that are received into the system, are called as Inbound IDocs.
This signifies the direction is which information is sent and is similar to terminology used in mails. If information is sent outside the system then the direction is outbox when it is received into the system then direction is inbox. Partner is the Business Partner with which the exchange of information is to take place using IDoc.
It can be a vendor or customer or any other system. IDoc processing involves transmission or receipt of document in the form of a message, each of which represents a document in SAP.
Message type is associated with Basic IDoc Type Basic Type and defines the kind of data or document that is exchanged with the partner. The process code contains the details of the Function Module that are used for IDoc processing. Message Type can be linked to the Process code. IDoc Port contains the information about the way data is sent between the source or target system. The type of port defines the information contained within the port.
Partner profile must be maintained for all the business partners to whom we want to send or receive the IDocs. Double clicking on the Partner will show the following screen:. Partner profile contains parameters for Inbound and Outbound processing of IDocs.
Basic Type and extension. This contains application for which IDoc will be created e. Standard function modules are provided by SAP for this conversion however these can also be customized as per business needs. Change Message Indicator indicates whether the IDoc is sentas a notification of change. Separate message type should be triggered in the purchase order for PO change.
Additional line with change message type must be added in the Message control tab with change message indicator on. For inbound options process code is maintained in the Inbound screen only. IDoc processing can be triggered by background program and triggered immediately.
In the post processing option we can maintain the workflow details of the users or positions to which an error notification will be sent if an IDoc processing fails.
We can also maintain the contact details in the telephony option. These records are stored in the transparent tables in SAP.The full form of IDoc is Intermediate Document.
The Idoc interface will contain the data structure and processing logic. The data structure is known as IDoc. Using IDoc different application servers can be connection via a message based interface. It has an extensive exception handling before the data is stored in the application server.
Segments are the basic building blocks of Idoc and store the actual data. SAP supplies some IDocs by default and they are known as basic types of idoc. We can add additional data to the existing basic types using reference segments. Control Record : It contains the general information about that IDoc.
It stores the sender identification, receiver identification and IDoc type. Idoc type is the key information for IDoc processor to interpret the data containing in that IDoc. Data Records : It contains the actual data to process. Data records consists with two parts segment name and segment data.
A field string with this structure is used for creating a data record. The application data is mapped to the field string. This data record is then included in the internal table with the structure edidd. The site sapstack.The IDoc interface: This was designed as an open interface. The IDoc interface consists of IDoc types and function modules that form the interface to the application.
Communication interfaces that allow connections to non-SAP systems. What is IDOC? IDOC is simply a data container used to exchange information between any two processes that can understand the syntax and semantics of the data. In simple wordsan idoc is like a data file with a specified format which is exchanged between 2 systems which know how to interpret that data.
Every IDOC has an unique number within a client. In case of any conflict in data size, it adopts one with greater length. IDOCs are independent of the direction of data exchange e.
SAP IDOC Tutorial: Definition, Structure, Types, Format & Tables
IDOCs can be viewed in a text editor. Data is stored in character format instead of binary format. IDOCs are independent of the sending and receiving systems. What are the primary functions of Sales and Distribution? SAP SD handles all Payroll is the term used for the compensation a business must pay to Home Testing. Must Learn! Big Data. Live Projects.